In Brazil, at the federal level, several Ministries share jurisdiction for ensuring the safety of the Brazilian food supply and regulating imports of agricultural commodities and foods.
- The Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Food Supply - MAPA) oversees and enforces a large portion of regulations pertaining to production, marketing, import and export of animal origin products, fresh fruit and vegetables, alcoholic beverages, juices, grains, seeds, and animal feed (including pet food).
- The Ministério da Saúde (Ministry of Health - MS) enforces most of the regulations regarding processed food products.
- The Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance - ANVISA), a semi-autonomous agency within the Ministério da Saúde, is the scientific regulatory agency responsible for the safety of all foods under its authority (mainly processed products). It also oversees the production and registration of food additives. The primary function of ANVISA is to protect the public (i.e., human health) by assessing food standards, safety, and contaminants.
Food regulations issued at the federal level are contained in various types of legal documents and, in order to be implemented must be published in Brazil’s Diario Oficial.
Brazilian legislation divides food products into categories and sub-categories. For each category, allowed additives are listed.
Organic foods are regulated by the MAPA; Diario Oficial Regulation Act n° 7 contains the standards for production, classification, processing, packaging, importation, distribution, identification, and certification of the quality of organic products, of both animal and plant origin. The legal framework for organic foods in Brazil may be found under MAPA: Regulation Act n° 7, May 17, 1999; Regulation Act n° 16, June 11, 2004 and Law n° 10831, December 23, 2003.