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Food labeling expression varies between products.

Japan has three major laws pertaining to food safety and standards:

  • The Food Safety Basic Law sets the principles for developing a food safety regime and also sets up the role of the Food Safety Commission, a food related risk assessment body,
  • The Food Sanitation Law ensures the safety and sanitation of foods through the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW), a food risk management agency and prohibits the sale of foods containing harmful substances,
  • The Japan Agricultural Standards Law administered by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) addresses food safety risk management via the establishment of food labeling standards as via animal and plant health protection through a series of quarantine laws. It also regulates organic foods.