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Russia

Main regulatory organisations

The Federal Service for Protection of Consumer Rights and Human Well-Being (Rospotrebnadzor) of the Ministry of Health and Social Development is responsible for food and foodstuff safety. Rospotrebnadzor may prohibit sale of products that do not meet official requirements.

Other state bodies regulating imported goods and foodstuffs include the Federal Service for Technical Regulation and Metrology of the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation (Rostekhregulirovaniye) which manages product assessment, processing, and servicing to determine if products comply with national standards and certification criteria.

Legal framework

As part of Russia’s effort to accede to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Russian Federation government is developing a new regulatory system under the 2003 Law on Technical Regulation. The new regulations will establish minimum requirements necessary to ensure product safety. This law was amended by the Federal Law No 65 FZ of May 1, 2006. The Law No 65-FZ determined the list of priority technical regulations which shall be adopted by January 1, 2010. The framework Technical Regulation on the Safety of Food Products is one of the priorities.

Mandatory requirements for safety and identification are codified not only in sanitary and regulatory documents, such as the Sanitary Rules and Regulations (SanPiN) but also in State Standards (GOST). The Sanitary Rules and Regulations (SanPiN) are de facto standards, though not formally classified as such.

Food additive control and regulation are included in Section 9 of SanPiN 2.3.2.1078-01 and Hygienic Requirements for Food Additives (SanPiN-2.3.2.1293-03).  These rules establish safety requirements for food additives in order to make products safe for human consumption. Foodstuffs and food additives that are used for production and applied in accordance with the Technological Instruction Manual are regulated by Appendix 3, Section 3.1 of SanPiN-2.3.2.1293-03.